AskDefine | Define army

Dictionary Definition

army

Noun

1 a permanent organization of the military land forces of a nation or state [syn: regular army, ground forces]
2 a large number of people united for some specific purpose

User Contributed Dictionary

see Army

English

Etymology

From armée (French armée), from Proto-Romance armata, a noun taken from the past participle of armare.

Pronunciation

  • a UK /ˈɑː.miː/, /A:mi:/
  • a US /ˈɑɹ.mi/, /Ar\mi/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(r)mi

Noun

  1. A large, highly organized military force concerned mainly with ground operations
    The army was sent in to quell the uprising.
  2. The governmental agency in charge of the nation's army.
    The army opposed the legislature's involvement.
  3. Any large group of people or sometimes animals working toward the same purpose.
    It took an army of accountants to uncover the fraud.
    Our house is being attacked by an army of ants.

Translations

large, highly organised military force concerned mainly with ground operations
  • Albanian: armatë, ushtri
  • Chinese- Mandarin: (lùjūn)
  • Croatian: vojska
  • Czech: armáda
  • Danish: hær
  • Finnish: maavoimat, armeija
  • German: Armee , Heer , Landstreitkräfte (plural)
  • Greek: στρατός
  • Hebrew: צבא (tzava)
  • Hungarian: hadsereg
  • Icelandic: her
  • Italian: esercito
  • Japanese: (, rikugun), (, guntai)
  • Kurdish: ,
  • Latin: exercitus
  • Polish: armia, wojsko
  • Portuguese: exército
  • Russian: армия
  • Slovene: vojska, armada
  • Swedish: armé
government agency in charge of the nations army
  • Albanian: armatë
  • Croatian: vojska
  • Danish: hær
  • Finnish: puolustusvoimat, armeija; (the Finnish Defence Forces'') Puolustusvoimat
  • German: Heeresamt
  • Hungarian: honvédség
  • Icelandic: her
  • Polish: armia, wojsko
  • Portuguese: exército
  • Russian: армия, вооружённые силы
  • Slovene: vojska
  • Swedish: armé
any large group of people or animals working towards the same purpose
  • Albanian: armatë, ushtri
  • Croatian: vojska
  • Danish: hær , hærskare
  • Finnish: armeija
  • Greek: στρατιά
  • Hungarian: sereg
  • Icelandic: hópur, her
  • Polish: armia
  • Portuguese: exército
  • Russian: армия
  • Slovene: vojska, armada
  • Swedish: armé

Related terms

Extensive Definition

expert-portal Military history An army (from Latin Armata "act of arming" via Old French armée), in the broadest sense, is the land-based armed forces of a nation. It may also include other branches of the military such as an air force. Within a national military force, the word Army may also mean a field army, which is an operational formation, usually made up of one or more corps.
In several countries the army is officially called the land army to differentiate it from an air force called the air army, notably France. In such countries, the word "army" on its own retains its connotation of a land force in common usage. The current largest army in the world by number of active troops is the People's Liberation Army of China with 2,250,000 active troops and 800,000 reserve personnel.

Field army

A field army is composed of a headquarters, army troops, a variable number of corps, and a variable number of divisions. A battle is influenced at the Field Army level by transferring divisions and reinforcements from one corps to another to increase the pressure on the enemy at a critical point. Armies are controlled by a General or Lieutenant General.

Formations

A particular army can be named or numbered to distinguish it from military land forces in general. For example, the First United States Army and the Army of Northern Virginia. In the British Army it is normal to spell out the ordinal number of an army (e.g. First Army), whereas lower formations use figures (e.g. 1st Division).
Armies (as well as army groups and theaters) are large formations which vary significantly between armed forces in size, composition, and scope of responsibility.
In the Soviet Red Army and the Soviet Air Force, "Armies" were actually corps-sized formations, subordinate to an Army Group-sized "front" in wartime. In peacetime, a Soviet army was usually subordinate to a military district.
For the hierarchy of land forces organizations, see military organization.

See also

army in Arabic: جيش
army in Bengali: আর্মি
army in Catalan: Exèrcit
army in Czech: Armáda
army in Welsh: Byddin
army in Danish: Hær
army in Pennsylvania German: Armee
army in German: Heer
army in Modern Greek (1453-): Στρατός
army in Spanish: Ejército
army in French: Armée de terre
army in Galician: Exército
army in Korean: 육군
army in Ido: Armeo
army in Indonesian: Angkatan darat
army in Italian: Armata
army in Hebrew: צבא
army in Javanese: Angkatan Dharat
army in Georgian: სახმელეთო ჯარები
army in Latin: Exercitus
army in Hungarian: Hadsereg
army in Dutch: Landmacht (algemeen)
army in Japanese: 陸軍
army in Norwegian: Armé
army in Norwegian Nynorsk: Hær
army in Polish: Armia
army in Portuguese: Exército
army in Romanian: Armata terestră
army in Quechua: Awqaq suyu
army in Russian: Армия
army in Albanian: Ushtria
army in Simple English: Army
army in Slovenian: Vojska
army in Finnish: Maavoimat
army in Swedish: Armé
army in Thai: กองทัพบก
army in Vietnamese: Lục quân
army in Turkish: Ordu (askeriye)
army in Ukrainian: Армія
army in Chinese: 陆军

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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